CBD, fully known as cannabidiol, refers to the chemical compound taken from the Cannabis Sativa plant, also known as marijuana. It is a naturally generated chemical substance used in producing oils and other edibles for calming and other medical purposes
CBD is acquired through carbon dioxide extraction by separating the compound from the plant matter. The volume of CBD extracted is maximized through the combination of a pressurized environment and low temperatures.
You might be wondering how CBD works in the body and if it is psychoactive or not. To answer the latter, it is not. The cannabis plant from which CBD comes from has two major active compounds: CBD and THC.
Unlike THC, CBD is the non-psychoactive part of the plant, which means it doesn’t give a high. Read on below for how CVD works inside the body.
How CBD Interacts with The Body?
The human body produces a natural nutrient called endocannabinoids, which performs the important functions of balancing our bodies’ essential processes such as sleep, mood, bowel movement, appetite, and so on.
Its primary role is maintaining homeostasis – a reaction to changes in our environments, including mental and physical stress. However, just like other nutrients, the human body can experience deficiency at some point. As a result, CBD is used as a supplement to augment the naturally occurring endocannabinoid in the body.
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CBD belongs to a class of molecules called phytocannabinoids, which is the second most prevalent compound as THC takes the first place among over 100 compounds derived from hemp and marijuana. Basically, CBD works with our body by sabotaging the breakdown of the body’s natural endocannabinoid.
Research shows that CBD triggers the serotonin receptor and functions as an atypical antipsychotic. It also helps in relieving pain, inflammation, and aids hypothalamus control.
CBD receptors are located throughout the body, embedded in the cell membranes that are charged to regulate multiple processes that we experience daily, including but not limited to mood appetite, memories, and pain sensation.
The body has two primary cannabinoid receptors, which are CB1 and CB2. CB1 receptors are located in the nervous system and the brain. It borders on thinking, mood, appetite, memories, pain, emotion, movement coordination. On the other hand, CB2 are located in peripheral organs such as cells associated with the immune system.
Hitherto, scientists thought that CBD binds to these two CBD receptors to work with the body. However, present-day research now suggests that CBD does not necessarily attach itself to these receptors. Instead, CBD promotes the use of cannabidiol by the body, more like giving the body a head start.
For instance, when someone takes CBD, the substance travels down into the system and directly to the endocannabinoid system (ECS). In this case, CBD blocks fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) from weakening and breaking down anandamide. FAAH activates an increased concentration of anandamide, which is regarded as a bliss molecule. It performs the generation of pleasure and motivation, resorting to positive effects on the endocannabinoid system.
Moreover, when combined with THC, CBD becomes effective in reducing pain associated with diseases, such as cancer, multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis.
CBD has also been used without harms to combat insomnia and anxiety in children suffering from post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). CBD has many health benefits, including the reduction of acne when used properly. It also contains neuroprotective properties used for neurological disorders and muscle spasticity in people with multiple sclerosis.
CBD is also useful in the cases of heart diseases by helping high blood pressure compared to placebo and its ability to lower blood pressure. That’s not all; CBD can prevent diabetes and has antitumor effects that might reduce the spread of breast, prostate, brain, colon, and lung cancer.
Lastly, as mentioned earlier, both CBD and THC contain important therapeutic attributes. Unlike THC, CBD is not intoxicating; this is because the two substances act in different proportions on different receptors in the brain and body.
CBD usually neutralizes the adverse effects of THC, depending on the amount of each compound consumed. Therefore, people who want the health benefits of cannabis are advised to make use of CBD over THC to avoid the psychotic effects.
What about CBD Oil?
CBD oil is just a type of CBD product, that oil as the base. For people who can’t afford pharmaceutical CBD, there are numerous community markets, internet storefronts, health clubs, coffee shops, upscale boutiques, chiropractic offices, and gas stations which retail different hemp-derived CBD oil products.
Similarly, CBD oil products and hemp flowers with varying levels of THC and CBD are also available for smoking or vaping at cannabis dispensaries legalized for therapeutic use. As much as there is hope for treating other conditions with the plant extract, Epidiolex remains the only CBD-derived drug approved by the FDA.
Are you curious to know if this substance armed with many health benefits has side effects on the body? Of course, it does. The side effects include:
- Changes in appetite and weight
- Fatigue, to mention a few.
CBD works inside the body by supplying endocannabinoids to augment the naturally occurring ones in the body. By interacting with the body’s endocannabinoids system, CBD enhances the body’s receptors, thereby encouraging the body to make use of the health benefits.